￼Investigations, Prosecutions, and Amnesties under Articles 2 & 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights
This report addresses the procedural legal obligations of states with regard to violations of the right to life (Article 2) and freedom from torture (Article 3) under the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), with particular reference to the permissibility of amnesties under the convention.
￼The Historical Use of Amnesties, Immunities, and Sentence Reductions in Northern Ireland
While it is widely believed that the use of amnesties and similar measures would mark a new departure in NI and the UK, so that speculation about their introduction causes public controversy and threatens political instability, the report demonstrates that such measures have in fact been repeatedly used in a wide range of circumstances since the foundation of the NI state. The paper offers definitions of the key measures which have been employed, including amnesties, sentence reductions linked to peace building and use immunities. It explores their historical use and its consequences.
Investigations, Prosecutions, and the ‘Public Interest’
This report examines the role that investigations and prosecutions play in the context of the Northern Ireland transition by considering: Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and the need for the State to investigate the use of force by state actors such as the police or the army; and the fact that the state will in many cases be investigating acts of violence that were committed by state and non-state actors many years ago.